Pengaruh Olahraga terhadap Fenomena Baby Blues Syndrome (Postpartum Blues) pada Ibu Nifas (Postpartum)

Annisa Annisa, Muhamad Indigo Rian Saputra, Selvia Agnesfadia, Pratama Yudha Gumelar

Abstract


1) Background: baby blues syndrome often occurs in postpartum mothers. The prevalence of baby blues syndrome worldwide according to WHO is around 3% to 8%. In Asia, cases of baby blues syndrome are still very high. In Indonesia, it will increase to 70-80% in 2020. The incidence of baby blues syndrome can be prevented and overcome by intervention in the form of exercise; 2) Methods: this study uses a literature study from articles indexed by google scholars and pubmed with the keywords sports, baby blues, postpartum, depression in order to obtain 10 quantitative research articles; 3) Results: several research articles state that exercise is able to overcome postpartum depression or baby blues syndrome with an intervention time of about 4-8 months as measured using the EPDS questionnaire; 4) Conclusion: exercise with light to moderate intensity can prevent symptoms of depression and is safe for mothers and babies.

 

1) Latar Belakang: baby blues syndrome sering terjadi pada ibu pasca melahirkan. Prevalensi baby blues syndrome di seluruh dunia menurut WHO yakni sekitar 3% sampai 8%. Di Asia, kasus baby blues syndrome masih sangat tinggi. Di Indonesia sendiri meningkat menjadi 70-80% pada tahun 2020. Kejadian baby blues syndrome dapat dicegah dan diatasi dengan intervensi berupa olahraga; 2) Metode: penelitian ini menggunakan studi literatur dari artikel yang terindeks google cendekia dan pubmed dengan kata kunci olahraga, baby blues, postpartum, depresi sehingga diperoleh 10 artikel penelitian kuantitatif; 3) Hasil: beberapa artikel hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa olahraga mampu mengatasi postpartum depression atau baby blues syndrome dengan waktu intervensi sekitar 4-8 bulan yang diukur menggunakan kuisioner EPDS; 4) Kesimpulan: olahraga dengan intensitas ringan hingga sedang mampu mencegah gejala depresi serta aman dilakukan bagi ibu dan bayi.


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